By name, A-Z By Birth Date, 53 B.C.- By Contribution

Other Pioneers and Leaders:
By Birth Date, 53 B.C.-

Aurelis Cornelius Celsus, 53 B.C. - 7 A.D.

Galenus, 130 - 200 A.D.
First described suture of tendon.

Ambroise Pare, 1510 - 1590.
With Franco (?1505-1579), one of the first to describe in detail the principles and techniques in the surgical treatment of cleft palate.

Guillaume Dupuytren, 1778 - 1835.
Described the progressive contracture of the palmer aponeurosis which now bears his name - Dupuytren's Contracture.

Philbert Joseph Roux, 1780 - 1854.
Founder of modern cleft lip and cleft palate surgery.

Carl Ferdinand von Graefe, 1787 - 1840.
Founder of modern reparative surgery and often called the father of modern plastic surgery.

Pierre Joseph DeSault, 1738? - 1795.
French pioneer of bilateral cleft surgery.

Johann Friederick Dieffenbach, 1792 - 1847.
First successful closure of both hard and soft palate; early references to tenotomy, myotomy, otoplasty, early rhinoplasty, and blepharoplasty.

Joseph Pancoast, 1805 - 1882.
One of the first to perform reconstructive rhinoplasty in America.

Joseph Francois Malgaigne, 1806 - 1865
Cleft lip repair.

Auguste Nelaton, 1807 - 1873.
Repair for incomplete cleft lip.

Gordon Buck, 1807 - 1877.
Early pioneer of American plastic surgery.

Bernard Rudolph Conrad Langenbeck, 1810 - 1887.
Described mucoperiosteal formation and characteristics of scars.

Thomas Dent Muetter, 1811 - 1857.
Exhaustive study of scar formation and characteristics of scars.

Frank Hasting Hamilton, 1813 - 1886.
Designed and transferred the first cross leg flap.

Carl Thiersch, 1822 - 1895.
Early pioneer in free skin grafting.

Uli Karlouich Szymanowski, 1829 - 1868.
Z plasty

Leopold Louis Xavier Edouard Ollier, 1829 - 1868.
Early pioneer of free skin grafting.

Werner Hagedorn, 1811 - 1867.
Developed the quadrilateral flap operation for a unilateral hare ( 1884, 1892).

Jonathan Mason Warren, 1811 - 1867.
Probably performed the first cleft palate and reconstructive rhinoplasty in America.

Robert Fulton Weir, 1838 - 1927.
Important contributions to rhinoplastic surgery, a well known one being his crescent shaped excision from the base of the ala nasi.

G. Mirault
19th Century French surgeon known for cheiloplasty.

Truman William Brophy, 1848 - 1928
American pioneer in cleft palate surgery.

Robert Abbe, 1851 - 1928.
New York surgeon who first used lip-switch (Abbe) flap in bilateral cleft deformity.  Introduced radium into the U.S.

Sir Harold Delf Gillies, 1882 - 1960.
Established plastic surgery in England.

Joseph Safian, 1886 - 1983.
Trained by father of rhinoplasty, Jacques Joseph of Germany, and, with Aufricht, introduced his methods to the U.S. in the 1930's.

Jerome Pierce Webster, 1888 - 1974.
Chief of Plastic Surgery, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons; developed a great plastic surgery library.

Sir Ivan Magill, 1888 - 1986.
An anesthesiologist who invented the endotracheal tube while with Gillies during his jaw reconstructions.

Frank Meleney, 1889 - 1963.
Professor of Surgery and Bacteriology, Columbia University; work in "Meleney's Ulcer" and bacitracin.

Albert D. Davis, 1890 - 1964.
San Francisco plastic surgeon; paid Gillies a fee to receive training.

T.P. Kilner, 1890 - 1964.
First Professor of plastic surgery, Oxford University; trained by Gillies after WWI; developed the cleft palate repair.

Dr. Kilner's last cleft palate operation, September, 1957.

Arthur B. LeMesurier, 1890 - 1982.
Canadian orthopedic and early cleft lip surgeon.

Clair Straith, 1891 - 1958.
Leading cosmetic surgeon and great business mind in Detroit.

Beverly Douglas, 1891 - 1975.
Best known for the Beverly Douglas procedure used in the initial management of Pierre Robin Syndrome.

Gustave Aufricht, 1894 - 1980.
Trained by father of rhinoplasty, Jacques Joseph of Germany; with Safian, introduced his methods to the U.S. in the 1930's; a founding member of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.

James Barrett Brown, 1899 - 1971.
St. Louis giant of plastic surgery.

Sir Archibald McIndoe, 1900 - 1960.
Renowned (and knighted) for work on skin grafts in the treatment of burned airmen in WWII; trained by Gillies; helped legitimize aesthetic surgery as a branch of platic surgery.

Hector Marino, 1905-
Leading Buenos Aires plastic surgeon.

Louis T. Byars, 1906 - 1969.
One of the Four Horsemen of St. Louis.

Reed Dingman, 1906 - 1985.
Chief of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan; significant work in the treatment of jaw fractures.

Thomas Dillon Cronin, 1906 - 1993.
Chief of Plastic Surgery, Baylor University, Texas; developed the breast implant.

Eric Peet, 1909 - 1981.
Oxford University cleft surgeon.

John M. Converse, 1909 - 1981.
Chief of Plastic Surgery, New York University; craniofacial surgeon.

Frank McDowell, 1911 - 1992.
Scribe of the famous Four Horseman of St. Louis; editor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

John Netterville Barron, 1911 - 1992.
Chief Plastic Surgeon, Odstock Hospital, England; hand surgery.

David Weaver Robinson, 1911 - 1992.
Chief of Plastic Surgery, Kansas City.

Tord Skoog, 1915 - 1977.
Outstanding Swedish plastic surgeon known for Dupuytren's repair; first advocated the SMAS facelift which became a popular technique.

Nicholas G. Georgiade, 1918-
Chief of Plastic Surgery, Duke University; craniofacial and breast surgeon.

Ross H. Musgrave, 1921-
Artist; University of Pittsburgh; cleft lip surgery.

Ivo Pitanguy, 1926-
Renowned Rio de Janeiro plastic surgeon.

Erle Peacock, 1926 - 1980
Chief of Plastic Surgery, University of North Carolina and Arizona State University; research in wound healing.

John Hueston, 1926 - 1994.
Leading Australian plastic surgeon.

David Napier Matthews
Chief of Plastic Surgery, Great Ormand St., London.

Pere Gabard
Postage skin graft on burns.

Jaime Planus
Cosmetic plastic surgeon, Barcelona.

Bernard O'Brien
Famous microvascular surgeon, Melbourne, Australia.

Kenneth A. McNeill
Chief Plastic Surgeon, Kingston, Jamaica.

Bengt Johansen
Swedish plastic surgeon; hypospadius and cleft surgery.

Outstanding plastic surgeon, Singapore and Malaysia.



Trainees in Plastic Surgery, 1948 - 1949.
Millard from the U.S. and others from around the world trained at Rooksdown House, London, under Sir Harold Delf Gillies.
Photograph taken April 4, 1948.

First Rotation-Advancement for Cleft Lip Repair, Korea, 1955.

Reconstructive Work on Natives during the Korean Conflict, 1954 - 1955.

View of MASH unit in Korea where surgery was performed.

Letter of Appreciation, January 18, 1955,
First Marine Division, United States Marine Corps

Letter of Commendation, January 31, 1955,
First Marine Division, Republic of Korea

First trip to Kingston Public Hospital, Jamaica, 1959.

Honorary Consultant, Kingston Public Hospital, 1960.

Demonstration of the Rotation-Advancement Cleft Lip Technique,
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, 1965

Anglo-American Cooperation behind the Iron Curtain,
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, 1965
Peet-Millard demonstrating the
Oxford Palate Technique and its Lengthening with an Island Flap.

Participants in International Congress on Cleft Lip and Palate,
Melbourne, Australia, 1971

Letter of Appreciation, August 22, 1974, from The White House, Gerald R. Ford, President.

Monks Lecturer at Brigham and Childrens Hospitals, Harvard, September, 1977.
Millard, Hassen, Murray, Holmes.

National Congress of Plastic Surgery, Montreal, 1983.
Millard, Tessier, Chase, O'Brien.

Honorary Fellowship, Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, June, 1986.

Tagliacozzi Guest Lectureship, University of Bologna, June, 1986.

Honorary Member of the Japan Society of Plastic Surgery, 1988
Honored by President Onizuka in Tokyo, April 6, 1988.

Honorary Medal from the People's Republic of China, 1988
A bronze plate presented to Millard by President Ruyao Song "for his monumental achievements
in cleft lip repair which has opened a new era of cleft lip surgery," September 7, 1988.

Millard Society, The White House, September 21, 1992.

Millard, D. Ralph, Jr. A Rhinoplasty Tetralogy: Corrective, Secondary,
Congenital, Reconstructive,
Boston, Little Brown, 1996. 532 p.

Based on "personal experience over 50 years in the second half of the twentieth century," this
volume picks up "where Joseph left off in the refinement of the craft of rhinoplasty."

Original manuscript, edited versions, and galleys of A Rhinoplasty Tetralogy.

Book review of A Rhinoplaty Tetralogy by Blair O. Rogers, published in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery,
( 3):165-166, 1979

Joseph, Jacques. Nasenplastik und Sonstige Geschichtsplastik nebst einem Anhang ueber
Mammaplastik und einige weitere Operationen aud dem Gebiete der Auessenren Koerperplastik.

Leipzig, Curt Kabitsch, 1931. 826 p

505 pages of this book are devoted to all aspects of rhinoplasty. "No other book since has dealt so
completely with plastic surgery of the nose" until Millard's 1996 A Rhinoplasty Tetralogy.


©2009 University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. All Rights Reserved.